Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Barcelona, Spain, April 2005. Dongwoon Choi, Woonghee Shon and Ho-Gil Lee "Design of 5 D. F Robot Hand with an artificial skin For An Android Robot" Department of Applied Robot Technology, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology Republic of Korea.
Yuhui Shi and Russell Eberhart "A modified particle swarm optimizer" 0- 7803-4869-9198 0.0001998 IEEE.
This causes a lot of heat generation and energy loss within the actuators.
The study investigates and analyzes the possibilities of reducing the hydraulic resistance and increasing efficiency of the hydraulic actuator.
Stukenbrock, "Toward maximum flexibility in working machinery, iht control in a mecalac excavator," 2004. Yao, "Energy-saving control of singlerod hydraulic cylinders with programmable valves and improved working mode selection," 2002. Eriksson, "Control Strategy for Energy Efficient Fluid Power Actuators: Utilizing Individual Metering," SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University, 2007. There are various field of power system in which PSO is successfully applied.
(April 2003), "Nanometer stepping drives of surface acoustic wave motor", IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 50, IEEE, pp. Due to its higher quality solution including mathematical simplicity, fast convergence & robustness it has become popular for many optimization problems. A new hydraulic system was proposed as a solution to relieve the hydraulic resistance in the actuators.